מידגם מאגר רקמות – בנק רקמות

מידגם מאגר רקמות – בנק רקמות

Abstract: In response to the increasing global demand for high quality biospecimens and data

for biomedical research, biobanking is rapidly gaining popularity as an efficient and user-friendly

platform for translational research. The advent of increasingly sophisticated technologies for speci-

men and data analysis, in the face of growing economic pressures, are converging to encourage

consolidation, centralization, and harmonization of biobanks into networks. Several types of biobank

networks exist worldwide. Individuals involved in network establishment and day-to-day function

hail from varying disciplines, including health care, academia, information technology, and the

pharmaceutical industry. However, they may work together within and between networks to enhance

the rapid progression of patient/donor-centered research through standardization of procedures

and robust quality management systems. Regularly updated standards, policies, and guidelines are

published by large biobanking organizations and made available to biobankers and those interested

in biospecimen science. A biobank network’s ability to reliably disseminate specimens and data

depends on a variety of factors, including a well stocked inventory, a robust information technology

platform, and adequate support, including the goodwill of collectors who supply specimens, and

of end-users who return experimental data to the network. High quality experimental data may be

recycled, thus accelerating biomarker discovery. Access to large amounts of personal data, however,

carries risk, and ethical issues surrounding data protection are of paramount importance. All biobank

networks require data security measures in keeping with local ethical and legal requirements.

Return of results to individual donors is another emerging ethical and administrative challenge

for biobank networks as technology steadily increases the overlap between research and patient

care. Finally, as the bioresource impact factor concept is further developed, and as more scientific

journals require biospecimen and source details in submitted manuscripts, biobank networks will

be securely established as an essential platform for biomedical research.

Keywords: biobank, networking, data, resources, dissemination 

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